1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle,

separated unto the gospel of God,

1:2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy


1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of

the seed of David according to the flesh;

1:4 And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to

the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for

obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:

1:6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ:

1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be]

saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the

Lord Jesus Christ.

1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that

your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.

1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the

gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you

always in my prayers;

1:10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have

a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you.

1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some

spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;

1:12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the

mutual faith both of you and me.

1:13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that

oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,)

that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among

other Gentiles.

1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both

to the wise, and to the unwise.

1:15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to

you that are at Rome also.

1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the

power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the

Jew first, and also to the Greek.

1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith

to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all

ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in


1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them;

for God hath shewed [it] unto them.

1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the

world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are

made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are

without excuse:

1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not

as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their

imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an

image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and

four footed beasts, and creeping things.

1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the

lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies

between themselves:

1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and

served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for

ever. Amen.

1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for

even their women did change the natural use into that which is

against nature:

1:27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the

woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men

working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves

that recompence of their error which was meet.

1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their]

knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those

things which are not convenient;

1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication,

wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder,

debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,

1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters,

inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

1:31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural

affection, implacable, unmerciful:

1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit

such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have

pleasure in them that do them.

2:1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art

that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest

thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.

2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to

truth against them which commit such things.

2:3 And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do

such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the

judgment of God?

2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance

and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth

thee to repentance?

2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up

unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of

the righteous judgment of God;

2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:

2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for

glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:

2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the

truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,

2:9 Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth

evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;

2:10 But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh

good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:

2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.

2:12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish

without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be

judged by the law;

2:13 (For not the hearers of the law [are] just before God, but

the doers of the law shall be justified.

2:14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature

the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are

a law unto themselves:

2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts,

their conscience also bearing witness, and [their] thoughts the

mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)

2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus

Christ according to my gospel.

2:17 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and

makest thy boast of God,

2:18 And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are

more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

2:19 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the

blind, a light of them which are in darkness,

2:20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which

hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.

2:21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not

thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou


2:22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost

thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou

commit sacrilege?

2:23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the

law dishonourest thou God?

2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles

through you, as it is written.

2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law:

but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made


2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of

the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for


2:27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it

fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision

dost transgress the law?

2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither [is

that] circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

2:29 But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision

[is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter;

whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.

3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit [is there]

of circumcision?

3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were

committed the oracles of God.

3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make

the faith of God without effect?

3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as

it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings,

and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

3:5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God,

what shall we say? [Is] God unrighteous who taketh vengeance?

(I speak as a man)

3:6 God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?

3:7 For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie

unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?

3:8 And not [rather], (as we be slanderously reported, and as

some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come?

whose damnation is just.

3:9 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we

have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all

under sin;

3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that

seeketh after God.

3:12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become

unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

3:13 Their throat [is] an open sepulchre; with their tongues

they have used deceit; the poison of asps [is] under their


3:14 Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness:

3:15 Their feet [are] swift to shed blood:

3:16 Destruction and misery [are] in their ways:

3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:

3:18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.

3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith

to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped,

and all the world may become guilty before God.

3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be

justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of


3:21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is

manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus

Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no


3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption

that is in Christ Jesus:

3:25 Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through

faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the

remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of


3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that

he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in


3:27 Where [is] boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of

works? Nay: but by the law of faith.

3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith

without the deeds of the law.

3:29 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the

Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:

3:30 Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the

circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid:

yea, we establish the law.

4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as

pertaining to the flesh, hath found?

4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath [whereof] to

glory; but not before God.

4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it

was counted unto him for righteousness.

4:4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace,

but of debt.

4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that

justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.

4:6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man,

unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,

4:7 [Saying], Blessed [are] they whose iniquities are forgiven,

and whose sins are covered.

4:8 Blessed [is] the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

4:9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only],

or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was

reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.

4:10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or

in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the

righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being

uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that

believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness

might be imputed unto them also:

4:12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the

circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith

of our father Abraham, which [he had] being [yet]


4:13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world,

[was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but

through the righteousness of faith.

4:14 For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made

void, and the promise made of none effect:

4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there

is] no transgression.

4:16 Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to

the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that

only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the

faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,

4:17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many

nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who

quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as

though they were.

4:18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the

father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So

shall thy seed be.

4:19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body

now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet

the deadness of Sara's womb:

4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief;

but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;

4:21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he

was able also to perform.

4:22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.

4:23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was

imputed to him;

4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe

on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;

4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again

for our justification.

5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God

through our Lord Jesus Christ:

5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein

we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

5:3 And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also:

knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

5:4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed

abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ

died for the ungodly.

5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet

peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.

5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we

were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall

be saved from wrath through him.

5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by

the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be

saved by his life.

5:11 And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord

Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and

death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all

have sinned:

5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not

imputed when there is no law.

5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over

them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's

transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

5:15 But not as the offence, so also [is] the free gift. For if

through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of

God, and the gift by grace, [which is] by one man, Jesus

Christ, hath abounded unto many.

5:16 And not as [it was] by one that sinned, [so is] the gift:

for the judgment [was] by one to condemnation, but the free

gift [is] of many offences unto justification.

5:17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more

they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of

righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all

men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [the

free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life.

5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so

by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound.

But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace

reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ

our Lord.

6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace

may abound?

6:2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any

longer therein?

6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus

Christ were baptized into his death?

6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that

like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the

Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his

death, we shall be also [in the likeness] of [his]


6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with [him], that

the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should

not serve sin.

6:7 For he that is dead is freed from sin.

6:8 Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also

live with him:

6:9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no

more; death hath no more dominion over him.

6:10 For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he

liveth, he liveth unto God.

6:11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto

sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye

should obey it in the lusts thereof.

6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of

unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as

those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as]

instruments of righteousness unto God.

6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not

under the law, but under grace.

6:15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law,

but under grace? God forbid.

6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to

obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto

death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but

ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was

delivered you.

6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of


6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of

your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to

uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield

your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

6:20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from


6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now

ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.

6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to

God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting


6:23 For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is]

eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

7:1 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the

law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he


7:2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to

[her] husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead,

she is loosed from the law of [her] husband.

7:3 So then if, while [her] husband liveth, she be married to

another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her

husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no

adulteress, though she be married to another man.

7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law

by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another,

[even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring

forth fruit unto God.

7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which

were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit

unto death.

7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead

wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of

spirit, and not [in] the oldness of the letter.

7:7 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I

had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust,

except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

7:8 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me

all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was]


7:9 For I was alive without the law once: but when the

commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

7:10 And the commandment, which [was ordained] to life, I found

[to be] unto death.

7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me,

and by it slew [me].

7:12 Wherefore the law [is] holy, and the commandment holy, and

just, and good.

7:13 Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid.

But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that

which is good; that sin by the commandment might become

exceeding sinful.

7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal,

sold under sin.

7:15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do

I not; but what I hate, that do I.

7:16 If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law

that [it is] good.

7:17 Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth

in me.

7:18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no

good thing: for to will is present with me; but [how] to

perform that which is good I find not.

7:19 For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I

would not, that I do.

7:20 Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it,

but sin that dwelleth in me.

7:21 I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is

present with me.

7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the

law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of

sin which is in my members.

7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the

body of this death?

7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the

mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law

of sin.

8:1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are

in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the


8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made

me free from the law of sin and death.

8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through

the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful

flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us,

who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

8:5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the

flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the


8:6 For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually

minded [is] life and peace.

8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is

not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

8:8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be

that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not

the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

8:10 And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of

sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness.

8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead

dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also

quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

8:12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to

live after the flesh.

8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye

through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall


8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the

sons of God.

8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to

fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we

cry, Abba, Father.

8:16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we

are the children of God:

8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs

with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be

also glorified together.

8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are]

not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be

revealed in us.

8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the

manifestation of the sons of God.

8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly,

but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope,

8:21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from

the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the

children of God.

8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth

in pain together until now.

8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the

firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within

ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption

of our body.

8:24 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not

hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?

8:25 But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with

patience wait for [it].

8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we

know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit

itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot

be uttered.

8:27 And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what [is] the mind

of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints

according to [the will of] God.

8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them

that love God, to them who are the called according to [his]


8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be]

conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the

firstborn among many brethren.

8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and

whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified,

them he also glorified.

8:31 What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us,

who [can be] against us?

8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us

all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

8:33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It

is] God that justifieth.

8:34 Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea

rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of

God, who also maketh intercession for us.

8:35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall]

tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or

nakedness, or peril, or sword?

8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day

long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.

8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors

through him that loved us.

8:38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor

angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor

things to come,

8:39 Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be

able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ

Jesus our Lord.

9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also

bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,

9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my


9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for

my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:

9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and

the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and

the service [of God], and the promises;

9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh

Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For

they [are] not all Israel, which are of Israel:

9:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, [are they]

all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.

9:8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these

[are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise

are counted for the seed.

9:9 For this [is] the word of promise, At this time will I come,

and Sara shall have a son.

9:10 And not only [this]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by

one, [even] by our father Isaac;

9:11 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done

any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election

might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)

9:12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

9:13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I


9:14 What shall we say then? [Is there] unrighteousness with

God? God forbid.

9:15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will

have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have


9:16 So then [it is] not of him that willeth, nor of him that

runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.

9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same

purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in

thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the


9:18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and

whom he will he hardeneth.

9:19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For

who hath resisted his will?

9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God?

Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast

thou made me thus?

9:21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump

to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

9:22 [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his

power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of

wrath fitted to destruction:

9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the

vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,

9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but

also of the Gentiles?

9:25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which

were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

9:26 And it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was

said unto them, Ye [are] not my people; there shall they be

called the children of the living God.

9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of

the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant

shall be saved:

9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut [it] short in

righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the


9:29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had

left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto


9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed

not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even

the righteousness which is of faith.

9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness,

hath not attained to the law of righteousness.

9:32 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it

were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that


9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone

and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not

be ashamed.

10:1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel

is, that they might be saved.

10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but

not according to knowledge.

10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going

about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted

themselves unto the righteousness of God.

10:4 For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to

every one that believeth.

10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law,

That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this

wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven?

(that is, to bring Christ down [from above]:)

10:7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up

Christ again from the dead.)

10:8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, [even] in thy

mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we


10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus,

and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from

the dead, thou shalt be saved.

10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and

with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall

not be ashamed.

10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek:

for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall

be saved.

10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not

believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have

not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?

10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is

written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the

gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!

10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith,

Lord, who hath believed our report?

10:17 So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word

of God.

10:18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound

went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the


10:19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will

provoke you to jealousy by [them that are] no people, [and] by

a foolish nation I will anger you.

10:20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them

that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked

not after me.

10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched

forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

11:1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For

I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe

of Benjamin.

11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye

not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh

intercession to God against Israel, saying,

11:3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine

altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.

11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved

to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to

[the image of] Baal.

11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant

according to the election of grace.

11:6 And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise

grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no

more grace: otherwise work is no more work.

11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh

for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were


11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit

of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they

should not hear;) unto this day.

11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a

trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:

11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow

down their back alway.

11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God

forbid: but [rather] through their fall salvation [is come]

unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.

11:12 Now if the fall of them [be] the riches of the world, and

the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much

more their fulness?

11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle

of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:

11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which

are] my flesh, and might save some of them.

11:15 For if the casting away of them [be] the reconciling of

the world, what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life

from the dead?

11:16 For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also

[holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches.

11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being

a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them

partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

11:18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou

bearest not the root, but the root thee.

11:19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I

might be graffed in.

11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou

standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:

11:21 For if God spared not the natural branches, [take heed]

lest he also spare not thee.

11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them

which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou

continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut


11:23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall

be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.

11:24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild

by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good

olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural

[branches], be graffed into their own olive tree?

11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of

this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that

blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of

the Gentiles be come in.

11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There

shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away

ungodliness from Jacob:

11:27 For this [is] my covenant unto them, when I shall take

away their sins.

11:28 As concerning the gospel, [they are] enemies for your

sakes: but as touching the election, [they are] beloved for the

fathers' sakes.

11:29 For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance.

11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have

now obtained mercy through their unbelief:

11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through

your mercy they also may obtain mercy.

11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might

have mercy upon all.

11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge

of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments, and his ways past

finding out!

11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been

his counsellor?

11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be

recompensed unto him again?

11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, [are] all things:

to whom [be] glory for ever. Amen.

12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God,

that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy,

acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.

12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed

by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that

good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man

that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than

he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath

dealt to every man the measure of faith.

12:4 For as we have many members in one body, and all members

have not the same office:

12:5 So we, [being] many, are one body in Christ, and every one

members one of another.

12:6 Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is

given to us, whether prophecy, [let us prophesy] according to

the proportion of faith;

12:7 Or ministry, [let us wait] on [our] ministering: or he that

teacheth, on teaching;

12:8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, [let

him do it] with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he

that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is

evil; cleave to that which is good.

12:10 [Be] kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly

love; in honour preferring one another;

12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the


12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing

instant in prayer;

12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to


12:14 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not.

12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that


12:16 [Be] of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high

things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in

your own conceits.

12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest

in the sight of all men.

12:18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably

with all men.

12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give

place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I

will repay, saith the Lord.

12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst,

give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire

on his head.

12:21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there

is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

13:2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the

ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to

themselves damnation.

13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil.

Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is

good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:

13:4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou

do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword

in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to [execute]

wrath upon him that doeth evil.

13:5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be subject, not only for wrath,

but also for conscience sake.

13:6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's

ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.

13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute

[is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to

whom honour.

13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that

loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not

kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,

Thou shalt not covet; and if [there be] any other commandment,

it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt

love thy neighbour as thyself.

13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love [is]

the fulfilling of the law.

13:11 And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to

awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when

we believed.

13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us

therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the

armour of light.

13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and

drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife

and envying.

13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not

provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].

14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, [but] not to

doubtful disputations.

14:2 For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who

is weak, eateth herbs.

14:3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and

let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God

hath received him.

14:4 Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own

master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for

God is able to make him stand.

14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth

every day [alike]. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own


14:6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth [it] unto the Lord;

and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not

regard [it]. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth

God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not,

and giveth God thanks.

14:7 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to


14:8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we

die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die,

we are the Lord's.

14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived,

that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.

14:10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set

at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the

judgment seat of Christ.

14:11 For it is written, [As] I live, saith the Lord, every knee

shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.

14:12 So then every one of us shall give account of himself to


14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge

this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to

fall in [his] brother's way.

14:14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that [there

is] nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any

thing to be unclean, to him [it is] unclean.

14:15 But if thy brother be grieved with [thy] meat, now walkest

thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom

Christ died.

14:16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:

14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but

righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

14:18 For he that in these things serveth Christ [is] acceptable

to God, and approved of men.

14:19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for

peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.

14:20 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed

[are] pure; but [it is] evil for that man who eateth with


14:21 [It is] good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor

[any thing] whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or

is made weak.

14:22 Hast thou faith? have [it] to thyself before God. Happy

[is] he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he


14:23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because [he

eateth] not of faith: for whatsoever [is] not of faith is sin.

15:1 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of

the weak, and not to please ourselves.

15:2 Let every one of us please [his] neighbour for [his] good

to edification.

15:3 For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written,

The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.

15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written

for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the

scriptures might have hope.

15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be

likeminded one toward another according to Christ Jesus:

15:6 That ye may with one mind [and] one mouth glorify God, even

the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

15:7 Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received

us to the glory of God.

15:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the

circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises

[made] unto the fathers:

15:9 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for [his] mercy; as

it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the

Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.

15:10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.

15:11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him,

all ye people.

15:12 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse,

and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall

the Gentiles trust.

15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in

believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the

Holy Ghost.

15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that

ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able

also to admonish one another.

15:15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly

unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the

grace that is given to me of God,

15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the

Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up

of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the

Holy Ghost.

15:17 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ

in those things which pertain to God.

15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which

Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient,

by word and deed,

15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the

Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto

Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

15:20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where

Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's


15:21 But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they

shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand.

15:22 For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming

to you.

15:23 But now having no more place in these parts, and having a

great desire these many years to come unto you;

15:24 Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to

you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on

my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with

your [company].

15:25 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints.

15:26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a

certain contribution for the poor saints which are at


15:27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are.

For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual

things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal


15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to

them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.

15:29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in

the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.

15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's

sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together

with me in [your] prayers to God for me;

15:31 That I may be delivered from them that do not believe in

Judaea; and that my service which [I have] for Jerusalem may be

accepted of the saints;

15:32 That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and

may with you be refreshed.

15:33 Now the God of peace [be] with you all. Amen.

16:1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of

the church which is at Cenchrea:

16:2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and

that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you:

for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.

16:3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:

16:4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom

not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the


16:5 Likewise [greet] the church that is in their house. Salute

my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto


16:6 Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us.

16:7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my

fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also

were in Christ before me.

16:8 Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.

16:9 Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my


16:10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are

of Aristobulus' [household].

16:11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the

[household] of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.

16:12 Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord.

Salute the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord.

16:13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

16:14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and

the brethren which are with them.

16:15 Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and

Olympas, and all the saints which are with them.

16:16 Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of

Christ salute you.

16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause

divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have

learned; and avoid them.

16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ,

but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches

deceive the hearts of the simple.

16:19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all [men]. I am

glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise

unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil.

16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet

shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you.


16:21 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and

Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.

16:22 I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the


16:23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you.

Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a


16:24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all.


16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to

my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the

revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the

world began,

16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the

prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God,

made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:

16:27 To God only wise, [be] glory through Jesus Christ for

ever. Amen. <[Written to the Romans from Corinthus, [and sent]

by Phebe servant of the church at Cenchrea.]>


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